Agnew identified three sources of strain: Since these problems were assumed to be contrary to the shared values of area inhabitants, they were taken as indications that these areas were unable to realize the goals of their residents. Second, delinquent behavior is learned through interaction with others by way of communication.
Social action should be based on the utilitarian principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Delinquency rates were highest in the first two zones and declined steadily as one moved farther away from the city center. Hirschi argues that delinquent behavior is inversely related to the presence of these controls.
The norms of a variety of cultures existed side by side, creating a state of normative ambiguity, or anomie cultural conflict.
The societal response has, from this viewpoint, succeeded only in Theoreticaltheoretical explinations of juvenile delenquency the individual in a deviant role; for example, by potentially making adolescent delinquents into adult criminals through the punitive reactions of the police, courts, and others.
The symbolic interactionists note that poor are more likely than the rich to get caught up in this process. Research of juvenile delinquency and youth gangs found that criminal behavior directed towards living up to values of delinquent subcultural group.
For example, conflict theories have focused on the role of dominant societal groups in imposing legal labels on members of subordinate societal groups Turk A Theory of Legal Bureaucracy. Society now looks at these juveniles and wonder why it is that these children are behaving in such matter.
Instead, a variety of punishments should be used. Mertonrevived the concept to describe the consequences of a faulty relationship between goals and the legitimate means of attaining them. Merton argued that in our society success goals are widely shared, while the means of or opportunities for attaining them are not.
They generally state that juveniles are rational, intelligent people who have free will, which is the ability to make choices. Developmental or life-course explanations attempt to account for differences between offenders who begin offending at an early age and continue offending, and those who begin in adolescence and grow out of it.
Superego develops through interactions with parents and other responsible adults and develops the conscience of moral rules.
Two major types of theories include Psychodynamic theory and Social Learning theory. While most of the theories we have considered to this point portray the delinquent, especially the underclass delinquent, as markedly different from "the rest of us," Sykes and Matzafollow Sutherland's lead in suggesting that the similarities actually outnumber the differences.
Psychopathy is a controversial theory, and much disagreement centers on whether the theory should be applied toward children and adolescent delinquents. Contemporary biological theories include the Biosocial Theory which states that both adolescent thought and behavior have biological and social bases Siegel and Welsh, There are many other theories of juvenile delinquency stemming from an array of academic disciplines.
Economic theories are known as classical theories. Differential association theory was developed by Edwin Sutherland, who believed that delinquency is learned behavior as youths interact with each other. Although the authors did not intend for The New Criminology to blaze the trail for Marxist criminologists, the global success of the book did just that.
This theory can be traced to 17th-century philosopher Thomas Hobbes, who believed that human beings are naturally aggressive, argumentative, shy creatures in search of glory that would naturally use violence to master other men, their wives, and their children. Once these theories have been carefully analyzed, applying them to our juveniles in a case by case scenario can help deter and keep our children from choosing a life of criminal behavior.
At the level of individuals, to have neither goals nor means is to be uncommitted and thus uncontrolled. These theories focus on institutions, such as the family and school, that socialize individuals to conform their behavior to values of the surrounding society and on the ways in which these institutions can fail in this task.
Sociological Theories Sociological explanations of delinquency emphasize social influences on individuals caused by the structure of society, societal change, social disorganization, subcultural differences, and social processes that influence behavior.
Criminal behavior is learned. Delinquency, Processing, and the Law. The characteristics of psychopathy read like a blueprint for juvenile delinquency. Social Process Theories Social process explanations of delinquency focus not on societal structures but on social interactions between individuals and environmental influences that may lead to delinquent behavior.
These "double failures" are destined for drug abuse and other forms of escape. Merton outlined a number of ways individuals adapt when faced with inadequate means of attaining their goals.
Tannenbaum's concern is that police intervention begins a process of change in the way the individuals and their activities are perceived.
Juvenile delinquents collect, process, and evaluate information about the crime and make a decision whether to commit it after they have weighed the costs and benefits of doing so. The strain and frustration resulting from blocked opportunities increase the likelihood that some individuals will use deviant and illegitimate means to achieve their goals.
There are many major social factors that are believed to cause or affect delinquent behavior such as social relations, community conditions, and level of violence, poverty, and racial disparity. Siegel and Welsh, The characteristics of psychopathy read like a blueprint for juvenile delinquency.
The literature is examined from five theoretical perspectives: social control, power control, strain, subcultural, and feminist theories. The author concludes that overall existing research does not support the contention that gender-based theories are unnecessary, although strain and subculture theory may require less gender specificity than social control theory.
Theories of Delinquency provides a comprehensive survey of major theoretical approaches to the understanding of delinquent behavior.
It includes discussions and evaluations of all major individualistic and sociological theories, presenting each theory in a standard format with basic assumptions, important concepts, and evaluations of the research connected with the theories.
75% of juvenile delinquency cases had male offenders. Juvenile delinquency cases declined by % from to Lesson Summary. Let's review. Juvenile delinquency is when an individual under the age of 18 commits unlawful acts.
The topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory. Three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to the explanation of delinquency.
Defining delinquency is not the hard part, figuring out the reasons why adolescents commit crimes is. The study of juvenile delinquency is important because it provides us with trustworthy and reliable theories that can help with understanding the.
juvenile delinquency, Theories of The topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory. Three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to .Theoreticaltheoretical explinations of juvenile delenquency